Based on its name and shape, some people associate this plant with the rest of the cucumbers (timun is Indonesian for cucumber). The truth is, timun suri is a part of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae) like melons.
Gadjah Mada University’s Genetic Biology Laboratory’s research states that timun suri has nucleus chromosome 2n=24 like others in the gourd family instead of cucumber’s 2n=14. Its leaf shape, rounded, resembles melons instead of cucumber’s tapered leaf. You can also tell from its seed size which resembles melons more.
|Timun Suri. Photo Original by: Tipspetani.com|
Farmers know timun suri as a plant that has similar pests with cucumbers. They also treat timun suri with the same treatment as cucumber. However, timun suri is much more resilient in the face of these pests than cucumber. It’s caused by the simultaneity of growth in the branches and bud stems that are plentiful and sturdy.
Timun suri is reach is provitamin A that can act as antioxidant. Plus, it’s also high in vitamin C. Timun suri also contains essential minerals like calcium, phosphor, and iron.
Hoe your soil softly. Timun suri is best planted on flat surface instead of seedbeds. Make some planting holes in the 1x1 m size, put 1 kg of compost or manure fertilizer in each hole, then let everything be for 2 days.
Seed planting is done after two days. Put 2 seeds into each planting hole then cover it up then water it regularly. Your seedlings will grow simultaneously on day 7.
Seeds are usually used 1 year after harvest at the minimum. Your seeds will last up to 1.5 years usually, depending on how well you care for and store them.
Care and maintenance
On day 7, do some weeding. Adult plants can compete with weeds so let them be. In fact, when your plant has born fruits, weeds can be beneficial as a layer between the fruit and the ground to avoid worms and other pests from the soil.
Your timun suri is ready to harvest after 60-75 days, depending on the variety. Harvest is done gradually up until 10 times. Related post: Pros and Cons Of Transplanted Longan Trees in Agriculture.
Organic ‘Timun Suri’ Farming in Indonesia
4/ 5Oleh Wahid Priyono